Cost

  • high
  • low
  • moderate

Medication Type

  • injected
  • oral

Feature

  • generic available

Drug Class

  • alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  • amylin analog
  • biguanides
  • bile acid sequestrants
  • dopamine-2 agonists
  • dpp-4 inhibitors
  • glp-1 receptor agonists
  • insulin + glp-1 receptor agonists
  • meglitinides
  • sglt-2 inhibitors
  • sulfonylureas
  • tzds

Type 2 Medications

Low blood sugar (blood glucose), also known as hypoglycemia, can occur when insulin or certain oral diabetes medications lower your blood sugar to below 70 mg/dL. It is also related to eating less and/or exercising more than planned. When that happens, you want to get your blood sugar back to normal quickly. Eating and drinking rapid-acting carbohydrates are fast ways to raise your blood sugar as long as you’re able to swallow. There are some products that are available that are easy to eat or drink, break down in your blood quickly, and are also inexpensive, widely available, and portable.

Glucagon injections and glucagon nasal powder are treatments for severe hypoglycemia—when your blood sugar lowers to a dangerous, potentially life-threatening level and you are unable to eat or drink fast-acting carbohydrates to raise your blood sugar to safe levels. These treatments work quickly and should be given according to the manufacturer’s instructions. An individual does not need to be a health care professional to safely administer glucagon. People in close contact with a person with diabetes, like family, friends, and even co-workers should be instructed on where glucagon is kept and when and how to use it.

Medications are listed as: Brand name (generic name)


Actos (pioglitazone)

Takeda Pharmaceutical Company

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Adlyxin (lixisenatide)

Sanofi U.S.

Injectable type 2 diabetes medication

Amaryl (glimepiride)

Sanofi U.S.

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Avandia (rosiglitazone)

GlaxoSmithKline

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

BYDUREON (exenatide extended release)

AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals

Injectable type 2 diabetes medication

Byetta (exenatide)

AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals

Injectable type 2 diabetes medication

CYCLOSET (bromocriptine)

VeroScience, LLC

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

FARXIGA (dapagliflozin)

AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Glucotrol (glipizide)

Pfizer Inc.

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Glucotrol XL (glipizide extended release)

Pfizer Inc.

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Glyburide

generic

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Glynase PresTab (glyburide, glibenclamide)

Pfizer Inc.

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Glyset (miglitol)

Pfizer Inc.

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

INVOKANA (canagliflozin)

Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

JANUMET (sitagliptin and metformin)

Merck & Co., Inc.

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

JANUVIA (sitagliptin)

Merck & Co., Inc.

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

JARDIANCE (empagliflozin)

Boehringer Ingelheim and Lilly

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Metformin

generic

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Nesina (alogliptin)

Takeda Pharmaceutical Company

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

ONGLYZA (saxagliptin)

AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Ozempic (semaglutide)

Novo Nordisk

Injectable type 2 diabetes medication

Prandin (repaglinide)

generic

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Precose (acarbose)

generic

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

RYBELSUS (semaglutide)

Novo Nordisk

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

SEGLUROMET (ertugliflozin and metformin)

Merck & Co., Inc.

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Soliqua 100/33 (insulin glargine/lixisenatide)

Sanofi U.S.

Injectable type 2 diabetes medication

Starlix (nateglinide)

Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Steglatro (ertugliflozin)

Merck & Co., Inc.

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

SYMLIN (pramlintide acetate)

AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals

Injectable type 2 diabetes medication

TRADJENTA (linagliptin)

Boehringer Ingelheim and Lilly

Oral type 2 diabetes medication

Trulicity (dulaglutide)

Eli Lilly and Co.

Injectable type 2 diabetes medication

Victoza (liraglutide)

Novo Nordisk

Injectable type 2 diabetes medication

Welchol (colesevelam HCI)

Daiichi Sankyo

Oral type 2 diabetes medication